We utilize surgical operating microscopes with every patient. Magnification and fiber optic illumination are required for effective endodontic treatment. The surgical microscope and fiber optic illumination are helpful in aiding the doctor to see tiny details inside the tooth. This technology allows the endodontist to use a much higher degree of magnification than with magnifying glasses. The endodontist is able to more easily visualize and treat both surgical and non-surgical endodontic conditions.